Rome birthday Circus Maximus Natale di Roma

Rome birthday 2023 MMDCCLXXVI Dies Romana

Last Updated on 5. March 2023

Rome birthday. On April 21, 753 BC Romulus is said to have founded the city. With this date the chronology of the city begins and thus in the year 2023 (in Roman numerals MMXXIII) we have the year 2776 (MMDCCLXXVI) since the foundation of Rome.

The founding day of Rome is celebrated in a big way. The date was calculated by the astrologer Tarunzio, a friend of Cicero, shortly before the turn of the Christian era.

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Events for Rome’s birthday

The Gruppo Storico Romano organizes exhibitions, events and a parade every year at the Circus Maximus on the founding day of Rome.  In 2023 the festivities will take place from 20 to 23 April.

Historical groups from around the world take part. In the Maximus Circus there is not only an arena for the plays, but also a large village with Roman and barbarian camps. There are different scenarios from the archaic period to the late imperial period.

There is also a magical night at the Pantheon in a scenic atmosphere.

The grand parade on Sunday April 23 will go from Circus Maximus to Piazza Venezia and across the Imperial Forums past the Colosseum to the Circus Maximus. Gruppo Storico Romano on Facebook>

The Castrum

s in the past, the Gruppo Storico Romano builds a Castrum at the Circus Maximus. From 20 to 23 April there is the show area and the didactic area with exhibitions on the themes of cooking, medicine, religion, school, the life of women and the military in ancient Rome. There is also a photographic exhibition of the previous editions of the “Birthday of Rome”.

School groups can take part in the presentations of the gladiator school.

The program

The theme of the year 2023 is Roma Regina Aquarum. A conference is dedicated to it in the Sala della Protomoteca in the Capitol.

Performances at the Circus Maximus

Participating groups perform every day from 15:00 to 18:30. There are fights between gladiators, ancient dances, theater and re-enactments of historical moments.


12:00 Rito ai numi romani Rite to honor and remember the values of the Roman world. – Circo Massimo

16:00 Tracciato del Solco Re-enactment of the founding of the city with a representation between history and legend in four acts – Circo Massimo

17:00 Le Palille Re-enactment by the Vestals of the feast of the Palilia: an ancient agricultural-pastoral festival sacred to Pales, patron deity of the flocks and herds – Circo Massimo

19:30 Renewal of the sacred fire – Piazza in Campo Marzio.

20:00 At the Pantheon BENEDICTIO VRBI Historical spectacle for the founding day of Rome


Performances by the participating groups.

Teaching activities for schools on the topics:

Rome Foundation Festival

I. The Roman woman: clothing and make-up – II. The Roman man: clothing and other curiosities – III. The Roman school – IV. Medicine – V. Religion – VI. The mosaic – VII. Ointments and perfumes – VIII. Food – IX. Legionaries and Praetorians – X. Gladiators: Weapons and Combat Techniques . XI. Eros in ancient Rome

14:00 Meeting with writers.

Shows by historical groups with gladiator games, dances and theater.

Didactic activity for schools.

17:30 The tough life of the gladiators – A performance of the Scuola Gladiatori Roma

18:40 Concert of Roman songs


Performances by the participating groups.

Teaching activities for schools.

Dance of the Vestal Virgins Rome

13:30 Meeting with writers.

11:00 – 14:00 Conference in the Sala della Protomoteca in the Campidoglio

15:00 HARPASTUM – Roman football

16:15 Coronation of the “Dea Roma”

Shows by historical groups with gladiator games, dances and theater

18:30 Live music: MUSICAL MOVIES present the best of soundtracks in concertFrediani on drums


Rome foundation day parade

9 a.m. Gathering of groups at the Circus Maximus


10:15 a.m. Address by the President

10:45 a.m. HISTORICAL CORTEO From the Circus Maximus go to the Theater of Marcellus – Piazza Venezia – Via dei Fori Imperiali – Via di San Gregorio to return to the Circus Maximus

1:30 p.m. Concert of the City Police Music Band

from 3 p.m. shows by historical groups with gladiator games, dances and theater

Historical reconstruction of the Battle of Bedriaco.

Parade 2022 photo gallery

8 thoughts on “Rome birthday 2023 MMDCCLXXVI Dies Romana”

  1. I will be in Rome on April 20th and the 21st 2019.I am interested in viewing a parade.I need help finding time and location of events.

    • Hi Steven, the parade is on Monday 22 but 20 and 21 are several shows at the Circus Maximus. The rite on Sunday 21 at the fori imperiali starting 10 am shall be interesting too.
      Here you find information about April in Rome.

  2. Hello, 2 Qs:
    All dates here are for 2019 right (as I see some of the comments are from 2018..)?
    Also, do you know when are the fireworks show in the Colosseum?
    Thank in advance.

    • Hi Yaron,
      yes, all information is updated to 2019.
      I have no evidence about fireworks at the Colosseum. Fireworks shall be June 29 on the Pincio above Piazza del Popolo.
      On New Years Eve there were fireworks on the Palatine Hill. I took some picture and posted them on our Facebook Page.

  3. Does anybody know how you get to take part in the costumed parade procession ?

    Can you just turn up and join in ?

    Thanks for any help.


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