Colosseum 2021 · Entrances · Opening hours · Best tickets

The Colosseum

The Colosseum, il Colosseo, is the largest amphitheater of antiquity. Today it is the most visited museum in Italy and one of the main attractions of Rome.

The Flavian amphitheater is one of the most imposing structures still in existence from Roman antiquity and a symbol of Rome.

Thanks to continuous research, also with the help of the German Archaeological Institute, visitors can find out better and better how the Colosseum worked back then.

Zhanna Stankovych by GlaucoHello, I’m Janna from Tourist in Rome. With our infor­mation and insider tips you will save a lot of time and your trip to Rome will be a great experience.

Welcome to Parco archeologico del Colosseo!

The Colosseum with the Roma Pass

The Roma Pass includes one museum visit (48h) or two museum visits (72h) and free travel on public transport. You also need a reservation for the Colosseum with the Roma Pass. Details about the Roma Pass

Book the Roma Pass at Tiqets:

Roma Pass online

Entry

Entry to the Colosseum

In normal years the Colosseum has more than 7 million visitors. To avoid queues, there are only tickets with a fixed entry time. The tickets are therefore often sold out long in advance.

You should be at the Colosseum 15 minutes before the reserved time for body temperature control and security.

Entry is not permitted above 37.4° C. You are not allowed to take glass bottles, alcoholic beverages, aerosol cans, rucksacks, suitcases or large bags with you and there is no cloakroom in the Colosseum.

Free and reduced entry

  • Free entry for young people up to 18 years of age
  • Free entry for people with disabilities and one companion
  • Free entry for architecture students, journalists and some other groups of people
  • Reduced admission for EU citizens aged 18-25

Admission must be reserved and a reservation fee will be charged.

Entrances

Colosseum entrances satellite photo
Colosseum entrances

The Colosseum has three entrances: the entrance for individual visitors, the group entrance and the entrance to the arena. The entrance facing the forums for individual visitors is called Sperone Valadier, because the architect Valadier renovated this part of the Colosseum. The arena entrance is named Stern after the architect who built the retaining wall there. The “Stern” entrance is only used for guided tours with a visit to the arena.

Which entrance you have to use is stated on your ticket.

Colosseum tickets

At the moment there are only simple tickets or guided tours. The tickets can only be booked for the current and the next day and only online.

Guided tours

The Flavian amphitheater is one of the most imposing structures still in existence from Roman antiquity and a symbol of Rome.

In terms of managing visitor flows, the Colosseum was more powerful than some modern stadiums. It had ingenious stage technology with ramps and lifts through which wild animals appeared and stage sets were set up.

Colosseum travertine columns

Many details are only revealed to visitors if they take part in a guided tour. Otherwise, the Colosseum remains a pile of stones where you walk for a few minutes and take some photos.

Colosseum tour

Opening hours

The Colosseum is open all year round and only closes on January 1st and December 25th. The opening times are mainly based on the length of the day:

From the beginning of winter time – February 15:
8:30 am – 4:30 pm

February 16 – March 15:
8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.

March 16 – end of winter time
8:30 a.m. – 5:30 p.m.

From the beginning of summer time – August 31,
8:30 a.m. – 7:15 p.m.

September
8:30 am – 7:00 pm

October 1st – end of summer time
8:30 am – 6:30 pm

Due to the corona crisis, the opening times may be changed. There may be shortened opening hours and closings on the weekends. You can find current information in our monthly overviews:

How much time do you need

Way through the Colosseum June 2020

The route for the standard ticket includes the first and second levels and the museum in the Colosseum.

Including the security check, you need around an hour for the Colosseum.

You can visit the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill before or after and it takes 1 – 2 hours. For more on this, read Colosseum in 3 hours with Forum and Palatine Hill.

How to get there

All roads lead to Rome and in Rome almost all roads lead to the Colosseum. Nevertheless, we would like to give you a brief overview of how to get to the Colosseum.

Subway – Metro

At the Colosseum there is the Colosseo metro station on line B. The line goes south to Ostiense train station and on to St. Paul Basilica, the EUR district and the Laurentina terminus.

In the other direction, Metro B goes to Termini, Tiburtina Station and on to the northeast of Rome.

Bus + Tram

From the city center Barberini / Via del Tritone line 85 Via del Corso line 51 + 85

From the city center Piazza Navona / Pantheon (Corso del Rinascimento) line 87

From the Vatican line 40 + 64 to Aracoeli / Venezia and then on foot

From Trastevere, Porta Portese, Testaccio bus 75, tram 3

On foot

From Piazza Venezia on Via dei Fori Imperiali – from Circus Maximus on Via di San Gregorio

From the papal basilica St. Johann – San Giovanni past San Clemente through the Via di San Giovanni in Laterano

From the papal basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore on Via Merulana to the first intersection at Largo Brancaccio and then through Viale di Monte Oppio and further through the park

From Monti and the Cavour metro station via the long staircase to the Basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli with the Moses of Michelangelo and on via Via Eudossiana and Via della Polveriera. More comfortable, without stairs, but also less picturesque, it goes through Via dei Serpenti and on through Via degli Annibaldi to the Colosseum.

from Fiumicino Airport

Train line FL1 to Roma Ostiense, change to Metro B to station Colosseo or to tram line 3 to the Colosseum

from Ciampino Airport

Shuttle bus to Rome Termini main station, change to Metro B to Colosseo station

from the port of Civitavecchia

Train in the direction of Rome to Roma Ostiense, change to Metro B to Colosseo station or to tram line 3 to the Colosseum

Colosseum profile

The Colosseum is the largest amphitheater in the world. The elliptical building is around 188 m long and 156 m wide, the arena measures 86 m by 54 m, the basement 76 mx 44 m.

Ground area:~ 20.000 m²
Area of ​​the arena:3.357 m²
Heigt:48.5m originally 52m
Spectators:50.000 – 87.000
Weight:250.000 th
Load on the foundations:110 t / m²
Masonry:100,000 m³ in travertine, tuff and brick with cladding in marble
300 tons of iron

History

The Colosseum was originally called Amphitheatrum Flavium, the Flavian amphitheater. The name is attributed to a colossal statue of Emperor Nero, which was erected there.

It is located on the edge of the archaeological area of ​​the Palatine and the Roman Forum. It is the largest amphitheater in the world and was built by Emperor Vespasian beginning in year 72 AD. It embodied the power of the Roman Empire to all Romans and visitors. Previously, here was an artificial lake, which belonged to Nero’s Imperial Palace Domus Aurea.

Colosseum Antonio Nibby 1838
Colosseum 1838

The “Flavian Amphitheater”, as it is known from antiquity, was built in the 1st century, from 72 to 80. In 80, Emperor Titus organized games that lasted allegedly 100 days: In addition to gladiator fighting and animal huntings – in which 5,000 animals were said to have been killed – , even sea battles were reenacted.

The last gladiator battles took place 434/5 AD, and the last animal baiting is recorded for the year 523 AD. From the Middle Ages until the 18th century, the Colosseum served as a quarry for the construction of churches and palaces.

The name Colosseum

The Colosseum is actually called Anfiteatro Flavio, Latin Amphitheater Flavium, in honor of the Flavian imperial dynasty, at whose time it was built. Before the construction of the Colosseum, at the entrance to the palace of Emperor Nero, the Domus Aurea, a colossal bronze statue of the Roman Emperor, the Colossus of Nero, stood. It is said to have been around 35 meters high. Nero’s model was the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

After Nero’s death, the amphitheater was built on part of the site. The colossus was transformed into the sun god and placed in front of the theater. The name Colosseum is traced back to this colossus, even if the name has only been passed down since the early Middle Ages.

Practical tips

Elevator

People who have difficulty to climb the steep steps to the 2nd level can use the lift. It is located on the left side of the entrance for the individual visitors, at the entrance to the arena.

An elevator to the third level is actually in construction.

Sanitary facilities

There are toilets in the Colosseum, but sometimes long lines. You may want to visit a restroom before going to the Colosseum.

Pickpockets and gladiators

Since the Colosseum is one of the main attractions in Rome, many people who want to take advantage of the tourists, are concentrated here.

So you must be on guard against pickpockets and fraudsters.

The Colosseum is often the scene of people dressing up as gladiators. They charge money when they are photographed. You should therefore agree the price in advance, otherwise they charge more and there is trouble.

Water bottles

Water dispenser at the Colosseo metro station
Water dispenser at the Colosseo metro station

Hawker offer all sorts of mostly worthless goods. If bottled, make sure that they are originally sealed, otherwise they will only be filled with well water. It’s best to bring your own bottles, which you can refill at each fountain in Rome. For safety reasons you should have small plastic bottles with you. Glass bottles are forbidden in the Colosseum and there are always problems at the security with metal bottles.

At the Colosseum you will find a free water dispenser directly to the left of the entrance to the metro station. You can also tap sparkling water here. Another one is in front of the exit of the Colosseum. There you’ll find also a charging station for mobile phones.

Ticket hawkers

Avoid unnecessary contacts and don’t get involved with hawkers who offer tickets and tours. Paper tickets are not accepted for the Colosseum and you can only go in with the app you have received with your booking on the internet. You can buy also hop on hop off tours and all other tickets safely and without wasting time on the Internet.

Archaeological research

The German Archaeological Institute, with its branch in Rome, conducts research throughout Italy in collaboration with Italian agencies and research institutions. Read the reports by Heinz-Jürgen Beste from the German Archaeological Institute in Rome and watch the videos on the reconstruction of the stage technology of the Colosseum.

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2 thoughts on “Colosseum 2021 · Entrances · Opening hours · Best tickets”

  1. i
    we will arrived in Easter times’ and we want to know the opening hours for the days during the ester 10.4.2020-13.4.2020

    thank you very much

    Reply
    • Hi,
      the opening hours in April are 8:30 – 7:15. Good Friday afternoon is closed due to the Way of the cross of the Pope, which will take place in the evening.

      Reply

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