The port of Civitavecchia is the destination of the cruise ships for the shore excursion to Rome. Here’s how to get to Civitavecchia Harbor and how to best organize your shore excursion.
Civitavecchia port · Location
Civitavecchia is a good starting point for your Mediterranean cruise or for a ferry ride to various destinations in the Mediterranean. The distance to the port of Civitavecchia from the center of Rome is 47 miles. The distance to Rome Fiumcino airport is 43 miles, Rome Ciampino 56 miles. Connected to Italy’s largest airport system, Civitavecchia is easily and affordably connected to the world by air.
Civitavecchia port · Visiting Rome
For your trip to Rome you have half a day. The ships arrive in the morning and continue in the evening. What you can do during this time and what you should look out for, read here.
If you choose Civitavecchia as the starting point of your Mediterranean cruise, you should plan a visit to Rome. Rome wasn’t built in a day and there is so much to see, that you can spend many days or even weeks in Rome. If you can, you shall plan to spend a few days visiting Rome.
Day trips from the port of Civitavecchia>
The Rome day pass from Civitavecchia is a service by Ticketbar. The day pass includes:
- Train from Civitavecchia to Rome St. Peter and back
- Hop on hop off bus
- Colosseum ticket including reservation
- 20% discount on more tickets
Civitavecchia port · Description
The port of Civitavecchia is the largest cruise port in the Mediterranean with approximately 2.6 million passengers. There are regular services to Sardinia, Palermo, Barcelona and Tunisia. A part of the port is used for cargo.
Civitavecchia Harbor offers a terminal for the cruise ships and a terminal for the ferries. The harbor area is quite extensive. There are two free shuttle bus lines. The normal line runs every twenty minutes, the line for the cruise ships operates as needed. Starting and finishing point of both lines is the Largo della Pace outside the harbor area. At the Largo della Pace is also the Infopoint and the bus stop for the train station and the shuttle service to Rome and the airports.
The port was built in the year 106 at the request of Roman Emperor Trajan. He was also the founder of the city, then called Centumcellae. The purpose of the port was to ensure the food supply of Rome through a second safe harbor. The port was designed by the architect Apollodoro of Damascus and consisted of an almost round, approximately a third mile large basin with two piers, a dam and an artificial island built into the sea, and was surmounted by four towers. Remains of a tower are still visible on the pier, which is called “il bicchiere”. Opposite is the tower “del Lazzaretto”, which was built there on the site of the ancient tower. The other two towers today no longer exists. The ancient harbour basin is supplied with fresh water through an underground tunnel system, that still works.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the port lost its importance until it came under the control of the popes in the 15th century. The still existing Forte Michelangelo was completed in 1537. In the year 1608, a lighthouse was added, which was destroyed in the second world war. Other buildings of the Popes are the Porta Livorno from the year 1679 and the fountain Fontana Vanvitelli constructed in 1743. Above the Porta Livorno is the statue of the Japanese samurai and Ambassador Hasekura Tsunenaga. He handed over a valuable letter to Pope Leo V in the November 1615 with the proposal for a trade agreement between Japan and Mexico and the invitation to send missionaries to Japan. His mission from Japan to Mexico to Europe and back took almost seven years from October 1613 to August 1620 with several stops.
At the end of the First World War, the port served for the post service with airboats to Sardinia. From 1961 to 2009, the port was used for ferry services with trains to Sardinia. In recent years, the port has been greatly expanded and further investment programs are currently being implemented.